Learning Styles Overview

A lot of people recognize the fact that people differ and each person may prefer a different learning style and technique. The style or technique that works for one may not work for the order; thus, it is essential to understand the different learning styles. Learning styles group common ways suitable for people to learn. Everybody combines different learning styles. Some people may discover that their style of learning is dominant, and make little use of other styles. While others may discover that they employ different learning styles in different situations. There is no right combination of learning style, nor are your learning styles fixed. It is possible to develop more in less dominant styles, and also enhance the learning style you are familiar with.

A relatively new approach that educators have only recently started to recognize involves using multiple learning styles and multiple intelligences for learning. Traditional schooling employs mainly linguistic and logical methods of teaching; it also makes use of a limited range of teaching and learning techniques. A lot of schools depend on classroom and book-based teaching, plenty repetition, and pressured exams for review and reinforcement. A result is that we often tag those who practice such learning styles as bright. Those who employ less favored learning styles usually find themselves in lower classes, with several different not-so complimentary labels and lower quality teaching in some occasions. Positive and negative spirals can be created that strengthen the belief that one is “dumb” or “smart.”

Types of Learning Styles

There are 7 different types of learning styles. You can improve the speed and learning quality by recognizing and understanding your personal learning styles and techniques.

  1. Visual (Spatial): People in this category make use of their eyes the most. They learn more when presented with visual tools like pictures, videos, and spatial understanding.
  2. Aural (auditory-musical): This style is suitable for auditory leaners. They are able to recall information when they hear it; these through listening to sound and music.
  3. Verbal (linguistic): People in this category understands better using words, both in writing and speech.
  4. Physical (kinesthetic): People in this category understand information through tactile representation of information. They learn by using their body, hands and sense of touch.
  5. Logical (mathematical): People in this category learn or understand through logic, reasoning and systems.
  6. Social (interpersonal): People in this group work best or understand more groups or when dealing with group work.
  7. Solitary (intrapersonal): People in this group employ self-study and prefer working alone.

Why Learning Styles? Understanding the basis of learning styles

Your style of learning has more influence than you may know, your preferred learning style guides the way you learn. Your learning style can also influence how you recall information, represent experiences or select words.

According to research, each learning style makes use of different parts of the brain. And we remember more of what we learn by involving more parts of the brain. Using brain-imaging technologies, researchers have been able to show different key areas of the brain responsible for reach learning style.
For instance:

  • Visual: Virtual sense is controlled by the occipital lobes at the back of the brain. Both the occipital and parietal lobes control spatial orientation.
  • Aural: Aural content are controlled by the temporal lobes. The right temporal lobe is viral for music.
  • Verbal: Both the frontal and temporal lobes (Broca and Wernicke areas in the left hemisphere of these two lobes).
  • Physical: Physical movement is controlled by the cerebellum and the motor cortex (behind the frontal lobe).
  • Logical: Logical reasoning is controlled by the parietal lobes, specifically the left side.
  • Social: Social activities are controlled by the frontal and temporal lobes The limbic system also controls both the social and solitary learning styles.
  • Solitary: This style of learning makes use of the frontal and parietal lobes as well as the limbic system of the brain.

Understanding the different learning styles can help both instructors and students employ appropriate methods to speed up learning process.

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